The city of Fortaleza is located in the Northeast Brazilian region, where the local atmospheric circulation undergoes a major influence of the trade winds during most of the year.

The region has two characteristic seasons (wet and dry), being divided into three phases: pre-season (December to January); season (February to May) and post-rainy season (after June).

The rainfall average rate in Fortaleza is 1600.0 mm/year and its average temperature is around 26.6°C. During November the rainfall average rate is at about 13.4 mm, the average temperature is 27.2°C, and the sea surface temperature is at about 27°C.